Uses of Small Sewage Treatment Plants

A sewage treatment plant is required for all residential and commercial areas. This process is similar to that of a septic tank. However, some additional mechanical components in the former prove a better choice resulting in cleaner and more environment-friendly effluent.

Sewage treatment, also known as wastewater treatment, is used to remove contaminants from municipal wastewater. Various physical, biological, and chemical processes are used to treat water.

Small scale wastewater treatment is basically for domestic sewage. This is considered as the secondary treatment specifically designed to remove biological contaminants from water. Usual sources of these impurities are food waste, human waste, detergent, soap, etc.

Design of a Small Sewage Treatment Plant

Small sewage treatment plants are usually compact and self-contained which do not require any external help. They are more than sufficient to treat wastewater from households, hotels, and even villages.

A portable submersible pump is used to recycle the plant effluent and all tanks should have stainless steel ladder. Excess of grease ad oil may cause problems in the system. Hence, necessary precautions are required.

There are certain criteria which need to be included in the sewage treatment plant design:

  • Location of the plant in relation to the residential areas and surroundings
  • Final plan with location of effluent discharge
  • Process diagrams & details design calculations
  • Hydraulic profile
  • Ventilation details
  • Light details
  • Equipment schedules along with their catalogues and maintenance manuals

Uses of Small Sewage Treatment Plants

Water is a limited resource in the environment and we need to reuse it. Large water treatments plants are installed to remove pollutants so what the water is safe to be used again. In this process, some reusable solid waste is also removed which is known as sludge. It is used as a fuel source and also for agricultural purposes.

The ultimate idea of sewage treatment plants is to provide environmentally safe sewage water. It is termed as effluent. Small sewage plants can be customized based on the needs of a particular area which is mostly influenced by the climatic condition of the area, lifestyle of the people around, geographical locations, etc.

The process starts with the initial breakdown of organic solids. It is followed by the effluent filter and then the filtration process is carried out. Further, with the biological treatment, bacteria is removed from the sewage.

Small sewage treatment plant is used to remove salts which as sodium, nitrates, phosphate, nitrogen, etc. which are usually found in domestic waste, primarily kitchen. Microorganisms are also separated through this process.

Water produced through this process is used for irrigation, hydrants, toilet flushing, cooling water, concrete water, and many such purposes.

Small scale sewage treatment plant processes domestic/small-scale wastewater and produces clean water which can be used directly in the environment for various purposes mostly agriculture and farming. Regular servicing of the plant is also required for best use which keeps the mechanical components in absolutely good working condition. These treatments plants are also emptied periodically– it basically allows the system to be free of sludge which naturally accumulates with time.

Besides using water carefully, it is also important to reuse the resource if possible. Hence, small scale sewage treatment plants are very essential for domestic or small scale water treatment processes.

For more information about small sewage treatment plants in India, please call us at 079-4003 6917. You could also fill out our online contact form if you have any questions.

Inquiry Now